Fine Motor Milestones

2-6 months

  • grasps a rattle, holds bottle with both hands
  • pulls at clothes
  • reaches, pulls objects to mouth

6-9 months

  • bangs objects on table
  • transfers cube hand to hand
  • feeds self finger food

9-15 months

  • marks paper with crayon
  • puts 3 or more objects into a container
  • builds tower using two cubes
  • drinks from a cup
  • feeds self with a spoon

15-18 months

  • finger-thumb pincer grasp
  • scribblings, draws line
  • builds tower of four cubes, puts four rings on stick
  • removes socks
  • turns knobs

2-3 years

  • undresses self and assists with dressing
  • copies a circle and a cross
  • strings four large beads
  • turns single page
  • snips with scissors on a line
  • buttons/unbuttons large buttons

4-5 years

  • copies a square
  • prints own name- tripod pencil grasp
  • ties shoelaces
  • cuts on line continuously
  • prints some capital letters

6 years

  • copies a triangle
  • ¬†cuts out simple shapes
  • copies first name
  • prints numerals 1-5
  • color within lines
  • pastes and glues appropriately

Gross Motor Milestones

2-6 months

  • holds head up
  • rolls from front to back
  • sits with little support

6-9 months

  • makes stepping movements when supported
  • pulls to stand on furniture
  • crawls forward/backward

9-15 months

  • stands alone well
  • walks without support
  • stoops to pick up toys or look between legs when standing

15-18 months

  • climbs steps with support
  • rolls a ball in imitation of adult
  • throws a ball forward
  • stands on one foot with help
  • carries large toy while walking

2-3 years

  • runs around obstacles, kicks ball
  • walks up/down steps using alternate feet
  • walks backwards
  • seats self in child size chair
  • rides tricycle
  • balances on one foot for 5 seconds
  • moves to music

4-5 years

  • hops on 1 foot
  • skips and gallops
  • catches a small ball
  • walks backwards, toe-heel
  • jumps forward 10 times without falling
  • turns somersault

6 years

  • runs lightly on toes
  • walks on balance beam
  • rides bicycle
  • rhythmic skipping
  • jumps rope
  • skates

Receptive Language Milestones

7 months-1 year

  • turns and looks in the direction of sounds
  • listens when spoken to
  • recognizes words for common items like "cup", "shoe", "juice"
  • responds to name
  • begins to respond to simple requests ("come here", "sit down")
  • smiles when smiled at and can follow eye gaze

1-2 years

  • points to a few body parts
  • follows 1-2 step directions and understands simple questions ("roll the ball", "kiss the baby", "go get your shoes")
  • listens to simple stories, songs, and rhymes
  • identifies an object in a picture book
  • points to pictures in a book when named
  • points to a few body parts when asked

2-3 years

  • hears when you call from another room
  • answers simple "who?", "what?", "where?", "why?" questions
  • follows 2-3 step directions
  • understands concepts "inside", "under", "on top"
  • points to 5-6 parts of a doll when asked

3-4 years

  • understands differences in meaning ("go-stop", "in-on", "big-little", "up-down")
  • follows 2 requests ("Get your shoes and put them on")
  • understands action words ("jump, run, wash") and descriptive words ("big, wet, little")
  • matches objects to pictures

4-5 years

  • pays attention to short stories and answers simple questions
  • hears and understands spatial concepts (under, in back of, in front of)
  • makes inferences from pictures and stories
  • understands and able to produce rhyming words
  • can clap out multi-syllable words

Expressive Language Milestones

7 months- 1 year

  • babbling with both long and short groups of sounds "dada upup"
  • uses speech or non-crying sounds to get and keep attention
  • imitates different speech sounds
  • has 1 or 2 words (bye-bye, mama)
  • enjoys games like peek-a-boo and pat-a-cake
  • joint attention
  • reacts to emotions

1-2 years

  • says mroe words every month
  • uses some 1-2 word questions (where kitty? go bye-bye?)
  • puts 2 words together (more cookie, no juice, mommy book)
  • uses many different consonant sounds at the beginning of words
  • points to objects to get others engaged (joint attention)
  • plays near other children, begin to imitate
  • greets others, takes turns
  • brings objects to adult, requests action with words/gestures

2-3 years

  • has a word for almost everything (50-200 words)
  • uses 2-3 words to talk about and ask for things
  • speech is understood by familiar listeners most of the time
  • often asks for or directs attention to objects by naming them
  • acts out simple themes from own experience
  • talks to self during play

3-4 years

  • talks about activities completed earlier from school or home
  • people outside the family understand the child's speech
  • uses a lot of sentences that have 4 or more words
  • usually talks easily without repeating syllables or words
  • cooperative play begins
  • begins to share and show empathy and emotions
  • able to maintain a topic

4-5 years

  • says most sounds correctly except l, s, r, v, z, j, ch, sh, th
  • uses the same grammar as the rest of family
  • uses sentences that give lots of details (I like to read my books)
  • tells stories that stick to topic
  • communicates easily with other children and adults
  • understand that other people have thoughts